10-Year-Old Somali Girl Dies After Female Genital Mutilation

Uganda outlawed the ritual of female genital mutilation (FGM) in 2010 but it continues in some rural communities
AFP

JOHANNESBURG (AP) – A 10-year-old girl has bled to death after undergoing female genital mutilation in Somalia, an activist said, a rare confirmed death in the country with the world’s highest rate of the practice.

https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/07/20/10-year-old-somali-fgm/

The girl died in a hospital on Monday, two days after her mother took her to a traditional circumciser in a remote village outside Dhusamareb town in central Galmudug state, Hawa Aden Mohamed with the Galkayo Education Center for Peace and Development said in a statement.

“The circumciser is suspected to cut an important vein in the course of the operation,” Mohamed said.

About 98 percent of women and girls in the Horn of Africa nation undergo female genital mutilation, according to the United Nations. While Somalia’s constitution prohibits the practice, Mohamed said no laws have been enacted to ensure that those who perform the circumcisions are punished.

Lawmakers are “afraid of losing their political clout among the all-powerful conservative traditional and religious groups bent at retaining the practice,” she said.

Health workers have warned against the risks of the practice which in most cases the external genitalia is removed and the vagina is sewn almost closed.

Despite campaigns in Somalia against the practice it is “clouded in secrecy, so reducing it has been a massive challenge,” said Brendan Wynne with the New York-based Donor Direct Action, which connects women’s activists worldwide.

Over 200 million women and girls in 30 countries across three continents have experienced genital mutilation, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said earlier this year, calling it a “gross violation of the human rights of women and girls.”

The U.N. Population Fund projects that the estimated 3.9 million girls subjected to genital cutting every year will rise to 4.6 million by 2030 due to expected population growth unless urgent action is taken.

ENENews: Gov’t: “This is unprecedented in extent and magnitude”


Gov’t: “This is unprecedented in extent and magnitude”… toxic bloom may stretch from Calif. to Alaska — Largest event ever recorded? — Official: “It’s new territory… we’ve never had to close essentially half our coast” — Fish washing up “extremely poisonous” — “Serious concern for coastal communities”
Published: June 16th, 2015 at 2:47 am ET
By ENENews
http://enenews.com/govt-unprecedented-toxic-bloom-west-coast-largest-event-recorded

NOAA Fisheries (pdf), Jun 15, 2015 (emphasis added): NOAA Fisheries mobilizes to gauge unprecedented West Coast toxic algal bloom [that] spans much of the West Coast and has triggered numerous closures of important shellfish fisheries… The bloom stretches from the Central California Coast north to Washington and possibly Alaska…


Seattle Times, Jun 15, 2015: Toxic algae bloom might be largest ever — Scientists onboard a NOAA research vessel are beginning a survey of what could be the largest toxic algae bloom ever recorded off the West Coast… At the same time, two other types of toxins rarely seen in combination are turning up,,, along the Washington coast… the toxin has never hit so hard in the spring, or required such widespread closures for crabs… concentrations in California anchovies this year [are] as high as any ever measured… [Dan Ayres with Washington’s Dept. of Fish & Wildlife] recently spotted a sea lion wracked by seizures… collapsed into a fetal position and quivered… Domoic-acid contamination is rare in Puget Sound, but several beds have been closed this year because of… paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) and a relatively new threat called diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP). The first confirmed case of DSP poisoning in the United States occurred in 2011 [in Washington]… 2015 is the first time regulators have detected dangerous levels of PSP, DSP and domoic acid in the state at the same time — and in some cases, in the same places…

USA Today, Jun 15, 2015: Toxic algae bloom closes fisheries from Calif. to Washington
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2015/06/15/west-coast-algae-bloom-red-tide/28782405/

USA Today, Jun 15, 2015: Toxic algae bloom may stretch from California to Alaska
http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/science/environment/2015/06/15/west-coast-toxic-algae-bloom/71264756/

Half Moon Bay Review, Jun 11, 2015: Potentially toxic fish wash ashore… “the event sounds similar to what I’ve experienced in Moss Landing Harbor,” said Chris Scholin, president of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute. “And the level of poison in the fish here is the highest concentration ever recorded… since the issue was first discovered… We don’t know if the fish have actually succumbed to the toxins but have found that the fish are extremely poisonous“… Scholin’s team in Monterey has observed dead birds.

Vera Trainer, NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center (pdf): “This is unprecedented in terms of the extent and magnitude.”
More from Trainer: “We’re seeing multiple toxins at the same time… high levels of domoic acid [and] a coastwide bloom — those are indications that this is unprecedented.”
Eileen Sobeck, NOAA (pdf): “[It’s] a serious concern for coastal communities… The better we understand what’s happening… the better we can address the impacts.”
Raphael Kudela, UCSC ocean scientist: “By collecting data over the full West Coast… we will have a much better idea of… what is causing it, and why this year… This is possibly the largest event spatially that we’ve ever recorded.”
Jerry Borchert, Washington’s marine biotoxin coordinator: “It all really started early this year… This has been a really bad year overall for biotoxins.”
Dan Ayres, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife: “This is new territory for us… We’ve never had to close essentially half our coast.”
See also: California cientists warning of mass die-off — Official: Seafloor littered with dead fish, washing up “far as I could see” — Toxin spreading all up and down West Coast (VIDEO)